The Ultimate Guide to Metal Laser Cutting Machines: Types and Applications

2023-03-25 05:04:58 By : Ms. Candy Tang
Metal Laser Cutting Machine: The Basic Guide

In the 21st century, we live in a world dominated by technology. From smartphones to self-driving cars, the advancements in technology have revolutionized every aspect of our lives. Similarly, in the industrial sector, the use of technology has changed the face of manufacturing. One such invention that has transformed the cutting and processing of metal materials is the metal laser cutting machine.
Metal Laser Cutting Machine: The Basic Guide | MachineMfg

What is a metal laser cutter?

The metal laser cutting machine is a laser cutting machine specially designed to cut and process metal materials. It is an advanced technology that has replaced traditional cutting methods like plasma or water jet cutting. The laser cutting process is more precise, faster, and efficient.

The laser beam is focused on the material using a series of mirrors and lenses, which produces a high-intensity laser beam that melts or vaporizes the material. The beam also moves along the programmed cutting path, guided by computer numerical control (CNC), resulting in a clean, precise cut.

Types of metal laser cutting machines

Metal laser cutting machines come in different types, including CO2 laser cutting machines, fiber laser cutting machines, and hybrid laser cutting machines.

CO2 Laser Cutting Machines

CO2 lasers use a gas mixture of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, and helium as the laser source. These machines are designed for cutting non-metallic or organic materials like wood, acrylic, plastic, and paper. They are often used in the advertising and signage industry.

Fiber Laser Cutting Machines

Fiber lasers, on the other hand, offer high precision cuts in metal materials with a high power output. They use a solid-state laser that generates the laser beam by exciting a rare earth element like erbium, ytterbium, or neodymium. Fiber laser machines are preferred for cutting thick metal sheets of steel and aluminum.

Hybrid Laser Cutting Machines

Hybrid laser cutting machines have the advantages of both CO2 and fiber lasers. They use fiber lasers for cutting thin metal sheets and CO2 lasers for cutting non-metallic materials. Hybrid lasers are ideal for job shops and companies that regularly cut different materials.

Benefits of metal laser cutting machines

The metal laser cutting machine is a versatile tool that offers numerous benefits when compared to traditional cutting methods. These benefits include:

Precision: Laser cutting machines offer high precision cuts with a tolerance of 0.1mm. This level of precision minimizes material waste and ensures that each cut is identical to the next.

Speed: Metal laser cutters are fast! They can cut thick metal sheets in seconds, resulting in faster turnaround times and increased productivity.

Flexibility: Laser cutting machines can cut and process different materials, making them versatile tools in the manufacturing industry.

Efficiency: Laser cutting machines are energy efficient and produce less waste than traditional cutting methods.

Cost-effective: Although the upfront cost of purchasing a laser cutting machine can be high, the cost savings in the long run due to increased productivity and reduced material waste make it a cost-effective investment.


Metal laser cutting machines have revolutionized the manufacturing industry, making cutting and processing of metal materials faster, more precise, and more efficient. Whether you are a job shop or a large manufacturing company, investing in a metal laser cutting machine will result in increased productivity, reduced material waste, and ultimately increased profitability.